What are the Basic Principles of Landscape Design?

21 October 2020

Many properties are utilising landscaping as their main way of improving their outdoor space. With grand and high-quality landscape design, property owners and their families can expect a significant improvement over their quality of life and general wellbeing. They can also maximise the presence of greeneries, fresh air, and beautiful natural views. Landscaping can even increase and improve the overall selling value of the property, especially if they are planning to sell them after a few years or decades.

Given the features and benefits of landscaping, many property owners would truly want to achieve and attain a landscape design that can be great for them. At a first glance, many would assume that landscaping can be done easily without any help from professionals. However, there are basic but integral principles that must be effectively incorporated into the general landscape design.

To better understand landscape design, here are some of the basic principles that you should know.


The unity of landscape design can be manifested by the use of different types of components in achieving a unified and consistent character and style. This basic landscape design principle expresses one harmonious theme that would serve as the foundation or common ground of the landscape appearance and function. With unity, all landscape components are seen to blend and complement each other.


Balance is another basic principle of landscaping that pertains to the equality or equilibrium of the appearance of the landscape. Symmetrical balance is typically achieved through equal lines, forms, textures, or colours across the landscape. Asymmetrical balance, on the other hand, use a mixture of the elements mentioned without losing balance to the overall landscape appearance.


Another vital principle of a landscape design is focalization. It puts specific elements of the landscape as the leading component for visual observation, which normally situates them at a vanishing point between equal lines. The traffic on a landscape area is typically driven by effective focalisation. Focalisation can be achieved by lining up the plants, pathways, and other features of the landscape.


Transition is normally acquired by arranging the objects with different textures, forms, sizes, colours, and other properties in a logical sequential order. The main purpose of transition is to effectively obtain a great three-dimensional perspective of an overall landscape composition. Some transitions that are often incorporated with landscape designs include coarse to medium to fine textures, round to oval to linear structural forms, taller to shorter plants, and cylindrical to globular prostate plants.


Speaking of size, proportion refers to the size of parts of the landscape components that can complement one another. A large tree can easily complement a property that has a huge structure. A small swimming pool can likewise be perfect for a compact lawn area. The proportion of a landscape and its components is usually dependent on the overall function of the area.

There are many more principles behind a great landscape design. To know more about these basic principles, feel free to contact us at Mark Browning Landscape Design.


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